Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) is a technique used to drill below the surface of the earth. This technique can be used in areas with significant oil and natural gas deposits, but access to conventional drilling methods is not available. Therefore, the primary purpose of horizontal directional drilling is to access these deposits for drilling either by mechanical means or hydraulic means. The process involves drilling horizontally through the earth’s crust at a depth of thousands of feet. The drilling required for this process is often necessary to be long horizontal sections or long horizontal sections of smaller sections that are more easily drilled.
There are multiple purposes for HDD. First, this drilling technique is used to drill in areas not accessible by conventional drilling methods. Utilizing HDD, these deposits can be drilled efficiently and quickly. The second purpose of HDD is to create reservoirs for natural gas. In specific locations, natural gas companies have been able to develop secondary recovery. This creates a reservoir that is much closer to the surface and is easily accessible. This has created a more efficient system for both the people and the company. Besides creating new reservoirs, HDD also increases the amount of oil and natural gas that can be extracted from a single well. This eliminates the need to drill multiple wells to extract these resources.
There are many advantages of HDD
Natural gas companies can use less drilling equipment which makes the process more efficient. It also reduces the time it takes to drill in areas where drilling is not feasible.
With this process, natural gas can be extracted from areas that were previously not feasible due to the drilling depth.
HDD is beneficial for safety. When drilling through areas where the rock is hard to drill, drilling with HDD provides a more efficient means of drilling through these areas.
This technique has multiple purposes. It is one of the least environmentally disruptive techniques used in the process of extracting natural resources. This is because the process does not require large amounts of exploratory drilling. This leaves plenty of room for environmental protection.
The Drilling Process
There are multiple steps in the process of drilling. These include The drilling process itself, the surface equipment, and the workup and testing of the oil and gas. The drilling process is a series of steps that occur while drilling a well. Surface equipment refers to the tools and equipment used on the surface while drilling. The workup and testing are often done by specialized companies who test for contaminants in the oil and gas during this process.
The Drilling Process is the culmination of the drill, surface equipment, and the workup and testing. There are four significant steps to this process. These include The Drilling Process, Surface Equipment, Workup and Testing, and Well Logging.
The Drilling Process: this step refers to the drilling process itself. It is defined as the process of initiating and achieving the drilling borehole. Most of this involves dealing with subsurface conditions, such as pre-drilling and surface equipment and well casing and equipment. This process may also include preparing for drilling, such as removing vegetation and setting up the surface equipment.